Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Sysbench, in-memory & Intel NUC

This continues my series on low-concurrency performance regressions, Here I share results for in-memory sysbench using my home Intel NUC servers. The results were first shared in bug 86215 and the numbers for the charts in this post are here.

tl;dr
  • For the i5 NUC most of the regression is from MySQL 5.6 to 5.7
  • For the i3 NUC MySQL 5.7.17 matches 5.6.35 in many tests and does much better on range scans. Alas I have yet to debug this. But MySQL 8.0.1 is much worse than 5.6.35. At first I only had results for the i3 NUC and assumed the regression was from 5.7 to 8 but now I think that most of the regression comes from MySQL 5.6 to 5.7. Soon I will repeat these tests on servers I use at work that have a better CPU than what I get in the i5 NUC.
  • For long range scans there is more overhead with the default charset/collation in MySQL 8.0.1 and switching back to latin1/latin1_swedish_ci improves QPS.

Configuration

I tested MySQL using upstream 5.6.35, 5.7.17 and 8.0.1. For 8.0.1 I repeated the test: first with the default charset/collation and then with latin1/latin1_swedish_ci.

My servers are described here. The charts below refer to the servers as i3 NUC and i5 NUC. Compared to the i3 NUC, the i5 NUC is newer, has a CPU that is 2X faster, 2X more RAM and storage that is more than 2X faster.

My usage of sysbench, including the tests run, and the my.cnf used for each database engine is described here. The my.cnf files I share were for the i3 NUC. For the i5 NUC the InnoDB buffer pool and IO capacity options were increased using these values. I use the same server for mysqld and the sysbench clients. The binlog is enabled but sync-on-commit is disabled. Sysbench is run with 4 tables and 1M rows per table. The database fits in the InnoDB buffer pool.

Results

I first ran these tests on the i3 NUC and assumed that the regression was mostly from MySQL 5.6 to MySQL 8. Then I acquired the i5 NUC servers and repeated tests and it looks like more of the regression is from MySQL 5.6 to 5.7. Regardless, I hope we can make this better.

The results are in the order in which the tests are run. For several tests MySQL 5.7.17 does better on the i3 NUC than the i5 NUC, relative to MySQL 8. That is most apparent on the tests that do longer range scans. I thought that was a mistake but the result is repeatable. From past tests there appears to be improvements to range scan performance for InnoDB in MySQL 5.7. Perhaps this is an artifact of that improvement.

The results for update-index are typical. The regression is worse on the i5 NUC.
The regression for update-nonindex is worse than for update-index and worse on the i5 NUC.
The regression for delete is worse on the i5 NUC.
The regression for write-only is worse on the i5 NUC.
For read-write with a 100 row range scan MySQL 5.7.17 does better on the i3 NUC. I didn't debug that. Otherwise the regressions are similar between the i3 NUC and i5 NUC. Switching the charset for MySQL 8.0.1 from utf to latin1 has a small impact.
For read-write with a 10,000 row range scan MySQL 5.7.17 does better on the i3 NUC. I didn't debug that. Otherwise the regressions are similar between the i3 NUC and i5 NUC. Switching the charset for MySQL 8.0.1 from utf to latin1 has a big impact.
For the read-only tests using latin1/latin1_swedish_ci improves QPS at 1000 and 10,000 row range scans. MySQL 5.7.17 does great on the i3 NUC but has regressions on the i5 NUC. MySQL 8.0.1 has regressions on the i3 and i5 NUC.
For point-query MySQL 5.7.17 does better on the i3 NUC. Otherwise the regressions from MySQL 5.6 to newer releases are similar.
For insert MySQL 5.7.17 does better on the i3 NUC. Otherwise the regressions from MySQL 5.6 to newer releases are similar.

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